For ostomy patients, differentiating the types is always difficult. Usually, people think that these all the same. However, the three names of the ostomy are colostomy, ileostomy, and urostomy. Everyone has a different purpose. The incision of the colon is a colostomy, the surgical opening with ileum is ileostomy, and the incision of bladder or rectum is urostomy. When a patient suffers from any disease in anus or colon, then colostomy stoma has been created. Therefore, any injury, infection, or cancer in the ileum or small intestine produces ileostomy. And the same is the case with the bladder and rectum, the disease or wound in these parts drive urostomy surgery.
Managing Ostomy Pouching System
For a healthy and happy stoma life, managing ostomy appliances and life with them is a key. Every ostomy needs a different type of care. No doubt the stoma care remains the same. You will have to look after the peristomal skin and stoma like a baby, but the care for the pouching system is different for every type of ostomy. A doctor and nurse better know about the special care for ostomy kind. But, after discharging from the hospital, you will have to do all these things all alone. Therefore, you should know that every type has a different management and care method. You should learn all ins and outs of the ostomy care from your nurse in the hospital.
The first thing you should learn about the managing ostomy pouching system is types of pouches and other appliances. There is no one bag or tool for stomas. Ostomies should know about all the categories and their uses. Moreover, you should know which one is better for your skin and stoma. Well, every opening’s size and shape are not the same. Some ostomies have a round, red, small pit, while some have an oval, dark pink, and a large hole.
Care for Colostomy Patients
The colostomy patients discharge solid waste or feces in the pouch. Therefore, the first thing is their diet and mealtime. They should not eat hard to digest items. The colostomy persons should know they cannot put their stomachs on sleep or exertion. They should take small meals at least five times a day. Moreover, they should avoid gastric foods. Everybody reacts differently; therefore, a patient prevents eating meals that can cause constipation or motion. Moreover, when it comes to ostomy pouching management, they should empty their bag three to four times a day. It depends on the activity and movement of the bowel. The stool should not touch their peristomal skin; thus, they should use wipes to clean the skin. Moreover, you can use an imported adhesive that can ensure the seal of the pouching system. A colostomy patient should change the bag two to three times a day.
Care for Ileostomy Patients
Well, the appliances for ostomy patients are the same. You will have to wear a pouch and some tools like flanges, a skin barrier, and an adhesive. Ileostomy patients should avoid drinking too much water. It can cause loose motion and watery stool discharge. It can damage the stoma and peristomal health. Moreover, you should empty your pouch three to four times a day and just before sleep. You should change your appliances two times a day.
Care for Urostomy Patients
Urostomy patients face too much discharge of liquid. It is impossible to know the next output time of urine. Thus, they need to be very careful. Their pouch can get full and leak. You will have to empty your pouch seven to eight times a day. It depends on your diet and medicines. If you are drinking too much water, then the emptying frequency for the bag will increase. You should not drink too much water. Change your pouching system three to four times a day. Clean and dry peristomal skin.